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Start the Year with Hands-on Mathematics

Start of the year - Free download of 10 tasks recommended by our numeracy coaches for Term 1

Early Years
Start of the Year
Free Overview
Years 3-6
Start of the Year Free Overview

Free Complete Unit Samples
3 of the 50 hands-on unit plans available to download to trial in the classroom and explore with teams

Please note: Most hyperlinks will not work until full access is purchased.
All student recording templates are editable, allowing teachers to adjust font types and much more. 

Place Value Unit 2
Counting with  one-to-one correspondence, conservation and cardinality
1 of 5 sequential units focused on counting and subitising for the first year of school 
Addition Unit 4
All the ways to make the numbers 3 to 9
(trusting the count)
1 of 15 units focused on additive strategies
Place Value Unit 12
Partitioning two-digit numbers into tens and ones
1 of 16 sequential
place value units for the early years
Please note: It is important for teachers to know that our sequential units are intended as a significant support for planning, not as a strict or prescriptive approach. For example, we aim for teachers to continue to use other high-impact lessons that have worked well for them in the past, and other excellent resources. Our goal is to create the best menu of rich learning experiences and collection of open-ended lessons for each concept, however, we want teachers to selectively choose the point-of-need sessions for their class that most powerfully speak to their passion as a teacher and motivate more use of hands-on maths. It is not intended for teams to use every lesson within a unit. Instead, we recommend that teachers selectively choose lessons from the sequential units that best match their current learning intention and students' next learning goals, as well as students' interests, and sessions that the teacher feels confident in being able to deliver.

Sample Packs for every curriculum and syllabus across Australia

9 of the 500 sequential hands-on lessons 
Sample Pack for the Victorian Curriculum Version 2.0

Updated in 2023 following the release of the new Mathematics Curriculum for Victoria.
Sample Pack for the new Australian Curriculum Version 9

Used by schools in Queensland,
the NT, ACT and Tasmania. 
Sample Pack for the new NSW Syllabus
for K-2

10 years of trials and stronger teacher feedback compared to the Department one-year tender trial units.
Sample Pack for the Western Australian Curriculum

Used by schools across Perth, Kalgoorlie, Karratha, Esperance,
by ESCs and RCS campuses.
Please note: Many of the hyperlinks in these documents, particularly to the linked
templates, will not work until schools have access to the complete package.

Please note: Excerpts only - Within the pack, all lessons are organised units by concept and level/stage, with 10-25 lessons to master one concept at a time.

Feedback from PL schools

“I can't thank you enough for the professional learning you provided our teachers on Friday. You demonstrated so clearly the power of storytelling in Maths and the value of making connections to real life experiences. You showed us how an understanding of place value is at the core of teaching and learning, the importance of consistent anchor language, what feedback can look like, and that differentiation doesn't have to be arduous. Our school has recently begun a journey on the Science of Learning path. All the elements of your presentation linked perfectly to this: explicit instruction, oral language, and multi-sensory learning. Almost immediately on Friday afternoon, I had several emails from teachers expressing how much they enjoyed the day. That says it all.” 

—  Ms Jane McLauchlan, Numeracy Leader, Warrnambool PS (November 2021)

Feedback about the unit plans

“Top Ten Maths has provided staff with an understanding of how to sequence the teaching of mathematical concepts, as well as providing tasks to teach students the given concept - a fantastic resource.”

—  Mr Paul Hilton, Assistant Principal, Dandenong North Primary School


Recognised as the highest performing primary school in Victoria in
2022 NAPLAN student gain results.

Teams at this campus were intensively trained by Top Ten numeracy coaches at a whole-school and team-level over four intensive days throughout 2020 and 2021.



We want every Australian student to love maths by using materials to both make sense of it and genuinely enjoy the sequential journey of learning it. We want to hear cheers at the start of maths sessions. We want to see materials (not worksheets and not click-technologies) in every primary classroom engaged in mathematics. We want to hear students reasoning with each other and thinking out loud (not silence) and see students recording their mathematical findings while using materials (rather than memorising rote-based rules). Ultimately, we aim to grow a generation of children who, as adults, will still love maths. 


To achieve this, Top Ten was founded and is still owned entirely by Australian numeracy coaches and experienced primary teachers to support fellow teachers with the huge task of day-by-day planning for excellent maths lessons. We created, then tried and tested sequential hands-on units in Australian classrooms for ten years. Our units include photographs of classrooms in action during materials-based lessons, daily modelling by numeracy coaches and maths leaders, and student work samples for each open-ended task. Our aim is to ensure that primary teachers have enough time and energy to deliver engaging and high-impact maths lessons that target their students' points-of-need. To do this, we remove a significant portion of the burden of planning from scratch and the time-consuming search for engaging lessons that genuinely work in real classrooms. We grow each teacher's confidence and repertoire by making numeracy coaches' classroom modelling and coaching accessible to every teacher every day. This is achieved through illustrative photographs of lessons in action, student work samples and the ongoing practical professional learning provided through each unit plan. 


Our goal is for every Australian student to fall in love with maths and become numerate, and to assist (in whichever way a team prefers to use our planning units and resources) every primary teacher to achieve this. 

In total, there are 900 hands-on open-ended tasks, all organised into developmentally-sequenced units; over 500 materials-based lessons for the early years and 400 real-life lessons for years 3-6. To maximise your time, every lesson includes:

  • photographs of classroom modelling and student work samples

  • warm-up games and an engaging hook or tune-in element 

  • a specific learning intention and lesson-specific maths vocabulary highlighted at the start of each lesson 

  • success criteria within the formative assessment cross-checks linked to each unit 

  • questioning and feedback tips, as well as misconception alerts 

  • pre-planned enabling and extending prompts for ongoing in-class intervention and extension within every open-ended (low-floor high-ceiling) session. 


Please visit our school feedback and student gain results page, and feel free to download the sample packs on our early years and numeracy library pages to share and try the sample lessons with your teams. 


Hands-on Numeracy
Planning Support Resources




Selectively-chosen numeracy picture book titles with over 150 linked lessons that are in addition to those in the early years and years 3-6 planning packs. 

All titles are organised by year level and arrive packed into concepts (place value; addition; subtraction; multiplication; division; fractions; measurement and geometry; statistics and probability). 




Developmentally-sequenced, user-friendly 

unit plans with detailed hands-on lessons for every critical skill throughout the early years. Diagnostic and formative assessments pinpoint points-of-need. 

Lessons include enabling and extending prompts, engaging hooks, warm-ups, photographs of numeracy coaches modelling and student work samples.




Organised set of the most important hands-on maths materials. All packed into class sets in toolboxes, with distribution containers to make hands-on maths easier for teachers, students and maths leaders.
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